NEW FRANCE 1655 - 1659
The Jesuit insist on little savage
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The people of New France are forbade from leaving the colony
They are also forbidden to trade with the Indians.
Twenty two marriages, eighty one births and nineteen deaths are
recorded in Kebec, New France.
Claude Dablon (1618-1697) a Jesuit arrived as a missionary to the
Onondaga near Syracuse, New York.
Captain Jean Baptiste Ekhinechkaouat (Metis?) became ill in the
woods and was near death when the Jugglers (Medicine Man) using herbal
medicine cured him. The Jesuits consider all Jugglers as evil.
(I)-Emmanuel Le Borgue (1610-1675) departed Acadia broke and left
his son (II)-Alexandre Le Borgue (1640-1693) to attempt in the recovery
of the family estate. Alexandre never amounted to much as he was
too fond of the wine.
Captain Noel Tecouerimat (Metis?) is at Saint Joseph of Sillery,
Captain Paul Tessouehat (Metis?), the famous one eyed Captain of
the Algonquins is on the Island.
(I)-Pierre Thibodeau, b-1630, France, arrived Acadia 1650's,
married 1660 Acadia (II)-Jeanne Theriault, b-1744, family settled at
Pre Ronge, Acadia.
d'Apprendestiguy de Martignon, a Basque, married 1655 Pentagouet,
Acadia (II)-Jeanne de Saint-Etienne de la Tour, Metis, b-1625 Acadia
daughter (II)-Charles (Turgis) de Saint-Etinne de la Tour (1595-1665)
and Louise a Micmac woman.
A band of Iroquois wintered near Three Rivers among a band of
Algonquin, and no disagreement was found between the two Nations.
The widows and girls of the Algonquin were allowed to marry the
Iroquois. The Iroquois by custom would join the Algonquin
An Englishman noted that slaves are sold from one to another, in
New France, as we do sheep.
The Iroquois delivered some of the little girl slaves, as requested
by the Jesuits. The Jesuits say the little girl slaves are for
the Ursuline Mothers to work in their house of charity. They hope
to make so many Christians of them. The life expectancy of the
little girls is not long. The Jesuits must have been aware that
the Iroquois would have to raid their neighbors to acquire these little
girl slaves. This would then lead to war between the two peoples.
The Jesuits consider the Savages God Manitou (Great Spirit) as a
demon. This is tantamount to the Savages calling Jesus a
Kebec, a fleet of 6 ships sent, three are lost, the Petit Francois
at 50 tonnage is lost to the Spanish with captain P. Delafond, the Chat
Bouque taken by the English, a Dutch ship was lost at sea. The
Colombe Mouillee and the Patriarche Abraham arrived Kebec.
January 7: Kebec, birth (II)-Marie Madeleine Prevost, Metis,
died April 1, 1661, Kebec, daughter (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611-
1691) and Marie Oliver Sylvestre Manitouabewich, Huron or Algonquin,
April 12. Ville-Marie (Montreal), marriage (I)-Jean Aubuchon
dit L'Esperance under contract of marriage September 19, 1654 Trois
Riviers, married (II)-Marguerite Sedilot, Metis? daughter (I)-Louis
Sedilot (1660-1672) and Marie Charter, likely a sauagesse 2,nd marriage
April 27: Trois Rivieres, death (I)-Pierre Chapiteau b-1605
killed by the Iroquois.
May 20: Jean Liegeois, a lay brother, is killed by the
Hiroquois at Fort Sillery.
June 2: Quebec, birth, (II)-Laurent Tessier, Metis, died
September 27, 1687, Ville-Marie (Montreal), son (I)- Urbain Tessier,
(1624-1689) and (II)-Marie Archambault, Metis baptised, 1636, died
August 16, 1719 Pte Aux Trembles, Ville-Marie (Montreal); married
October 20, 1681 Quebec Genevieve Lemire.
September 19: Fathers Pierre Joseph Marie Chaumonot and
Claude Dablon (1619-1697) departed Quebec to establish a mission in
November 3: The Treaty of Westminster, England restored
Acadia to France.
Twenty six marriages, eighty four births and twenty two deaths are
recorded in Kebec, New France.
Five ships sailed from France to Kebec this year. One was
captured by the English, one was captured by the Spaniards and one was
lost at sea. The other two arrived and departed in safety.
An Iroquois raid in 1655 and a fire this year finished the Indian
reserve experiment at Sillery, and by 1663, French settlers would
occupy this land. The Dutch Iroquois (the Agnieronnons)
were attacking the French everywhere killing and being killed.
Zacharie Dupuy (1608-1676), Commandant of Quebec, established a post
at Syracuse, N.Y.
(I)-Charles de Lauzon de Charny is appointed the Commandant General
(interim Governor) of New France from September 1656 to September 18,
Garreau is killed near Fort Ville-Marie (Montreal); shot through the
Kabec, 6 ships arrived, the Rene at 80 tonnage, the Taureau at 150
tonnage captain Rlie Tadourneau, the Fortune at 100 tonnage captain
Elie Raymont, the Saint Sebastin captain Guillaume and Jean Poulet and
2 unknown ships.
February 22: The Jesuits condemn the Savages for believing
their dreams. They have a special festival for what the Jesuits
call the 'demon of dreams'. They also call it the festival of
fools, or the carnival of wicked Christians. The Savages call it
the Honnonouaroria. The Jesuits do not consider the French
masqueraders carnival in Europe as evil. If we follow their logic
the dreams of the Jesuit fathers, that they call visions, are therefore
May 2: Bourdon weighted anchor at Quebec for a voyage to the
May 6: The Onontaeronons killed a cow belonging to Pierre
Bival (the Swiss). He fired a swivel-gun at the Onontaeronons,
but without effect. They also killed a sow with farrow, belonging
to the same man.
March 23: Lamote and Tieri were condemned by the Gentlemen of
the Council to pay a fine of 500 livres each, for having sold goods at
a higher price than the tariff.
March 31: Monsieur the Abbe said in sermon that it was a
mortal sin to sell brandy to the Savages. He had previously said
it was not a mortal sin.
April 7: Ste Genevieve, Montreal, birth (V)-Louis Plouf,
Metis, son (IV)-Maurice Plouf and (V)-Marie Francois, Metis, b-1730.
April 11: Contract written for (I)-Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud
(1634-1698) and thirty others to travel to Quebec. The contract
was written by a tabellion (notary) Sea Cherbonnier. The contract
for 3 years included Nicolas Millet, Joachin Martin, Jean Rabourin,
Pierre Menard, known as Saintonge. It was Mer. Francois Peron,
ship-owner and owner of the ship Bull on which this group took to the
sea. The ship Bull was 150 barrels and its master was E.
Tadourneau arriving Quebec in summer of 1656.
June 13: Three French, Adrien Joliet, Fouquet and Christophle
are captured by the Iroquois at the First River.
August 11: Bourdon returned to Kebec from his northern
voyage. The two Huron's, whom he had taken with him, were killed
by the Savages, and a Frenchman was wounded.
September 3: The elders of the Onnontage were informed that
if they wanted the French to dwell amongst them, as they requested,
they must provide little girls to be placed with the Ursuline
Mothers. The savages loved their children and the only way they
could obtain slave children for the Church is to raid their
neighbors. It is hard to accept that alleged civilized Christian
peoples could rationalize child slavery.
September 20: Cromwell granted Acadia to (II)-Charles
La Tour(1595-1665) who sold the rights to Thomas Temple (1614-1674) and
William Crowne (1617-1682) in return for five percent of the products.
November: De la Poterie opened a trading post at Trois
Rivieres; trading wine for beaver believing this would regulate the
sale of liquor. The Savages do not amend their conduct, and
complaints are made against the tavern. The Jesuits requested
that the Governor not allow this practice. (I)-Louis D'Ailleboust
de Couconge et d'Argentenay (1612-1660) governor of all Canada, decides
that the tavern must be closed, according to the Jesuit records.
The alleged decree did not force him to close down.
November 20: A Dutchman (Otsirdiakhon) from New Holland
visited Three Rivers to provide safe conduct to the Agnieronon peace
team who returned 7 French prisoners and requested release of their
prisoners. The terms of peace include they bring little girls as
slaves for the Church. The French must have realized the savages
love their children and would not give them up for slavery. They
would be forced to conduct slave raids or continue warring with the
November 27: Ville-Marie (Montreal), marriage (II)-Laurent
Archambault, (Metis?) b-1644, son (I)-Jacques Archambault (1604-1688),
and Francloise Toureau, sauvageese, (1600-1663); married November 27,
1656, Ville-Marie (Montreal), Gilles Lauzon.
Twenty two marriages, eighty three births and thirty two deaths are
recorded in Kebec, New France.
The mission Ste. Anne de Beaupre de la Province de Quebec 35 km
east Quebec city is established this year. Etienne Lessard, one
of the first settlers, ceded some land for the construction of the
first wooded chapel in 1658.
Twenty two marriages, eighty three births and thirty two deaths are
recorded in New France.
Pierre Esprit Radisson (1636-1710) joins the Jesuit Mission to the
Onondaga (1657-1658) and increases his knowledge of Indian life.
In France: When a father gives a daughter in marriage, he
allows her a dowry; Among the Savages, it is given to the girls
In France: The Man usually takes to his house the woman whom
he married; Among the Savages, the man goes to the woman's house
In France: If anyone fall into a fit of anger, or harbor some
evil purpose, or meditate some harm, he is reviled, threatened, and
punished; The Savages gives him presents, to soothe his
ill-humor, cure his mental ailment and put good thoughts into his head.
In France: A workman does not expect pay until he completes
his task; The Savage ask for it in advance.
In France: We are not very well pleased to see snow or hail
fall; The Savage leap for joy as it falls.
In France: The dead are buried with the least possible
clothing: The Savages dress the dead in their finest and include
their favorite possessions.
In some parts of France: The dead are buried with their head
turned towards the east; The Savages make them face the west.
November 30: in the long point of Coste de Beaupre, Nicolas Maquart
conceded in Jean Baptiste Halle a ground of 3 arpents by a a126 arpents
depth, located between Jacques Vauclin and grounds not yet conceded on
the territory which is now that of the Guardian Angel. This is
two years before (I)- Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud (1634-1698) and
Jacques Jacquereau entrusted this ground to Jacques Vezina by contract.
(I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1696?) returned to Fort
Quebec, having left in 1654 to make direct trading contact with the
Ojibwa and Fox. He had passed south west of Lake Superior to the
upper Mississippi. His objective was to bypass the Ottawa in
trade and explore the south to curtail the westward expansion of the
thirteen colonies. The mission of the Mountain of Ville-Marie
(Montreal), at this time, contained one hundred and sixty able bodied
men. A third of them married, and a census taken in 1665 showed a
jump to five hundred and twenty five and, two years later, seven
hundred and sixty six. The Mohawk attacked the Island of Orleans
and carried off eighty prisoners who were under the protection of the
French. Many prisoners are women, and they ransacked the houses
in Quebec. The people huddled in the Fort and not a shot was
fired in defense of the Wendat who are under the protection of the
French. The Sulpician, a religious order, began working in the
colony this year. Pierre de Voyer d'Argenson is appointed
Governor New France from July 11, 1658 to August 30, 1661. King
Louis XIV prohibited the sale of liquor to Indians in New France.
The King assigned Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency
(1623-1708) as the first Bishop of New France. The Iroquois
renewed their war with the French to stop the flow of furs to the
mission of the Mountain of Montreal. About 100 settlers are
killed by the Iroquois in the St. Lawrence River Valley.
The Sulpicians, a religious order, began working the New France
Colony, thereby breaking the Jesuit monopoly. These Sulpitians
directed the religious affairs of Ville-Marie (Montreal) thereby
replacing the Jesuits in this settlement.
The French are aware that there are four routes to the North Sea,
Tadoussac, Three Rivers, Nipisiriniens and via the Great Sault (Lake
Superior). The standard of the day in map making is the distance
is reckoned as 15 leagues per day going down-stream and 7-8 leagues per
day going up-stream. One league=3 miles. The basis of most
French maps are Savage reports, Coureurs des Bois and Metis reports and
they measured distance by days traveled to reach various destinations.
January 26: (I)-Pierre de Voyer d'Argenson (1612-1660)
is appointed interim Governor of New France from September 18, 1657
(January 11, 1658) to July 11, 1658 (August 30, 1661).
January 30: Ville-Marie (Montreal), birth (II)-Cunegonde
Gervaise, Metis, died April 27, 1715, Ville-Marie (Montreal)
daughter (I)- Jean Gervaise, procureur fiscal (1621-1690), and
(II)-Anne Archambault, Metis b-1621, died July 30, 1699 Ville-Marie
(Montreal); married January 14, 1676 Ville-Marie (Montreal) (I)-Jean
Baptiste Lefebvre b-1651.
April 16: Trois Rivieres, Quebec, marriage, (I)-Pierre Couc
dit Lafleur, b-1624, a Coureur de Bois, a soldier and
interpreter, he died April 1690, St. Francois du Lac. He married
April 16, 1657, Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Marie Mite8ameg8k8e (1631-1699)
an Algonquine, she 1st married 1645 Assababich b-1620 and they had two
March 7: King Louis XIV prohibited the sale of liquor to
the Indians in New France.
April 16: Trois Rivieres, marriage (II)-Pierre Couc dit
Lafleur b-1624, (died August 6, 1665?, or April 5, 1690?), Trois
Rivieres son (I)-Nicolas Couc dit Lafleur (1600-1675) and Elisabeth
Templair; married, Marie Mite8ameg8k8e, Algonquine sauvagesse b-1631,
died January 8, 1699 Trois Rivieres. Marie 1st married 1645
Assababich b-1620 and they had two children; Catherine Couque, b-1747
and Pierre Couque baptised May 6, 1650 and father listed as Pierre
April 16: Trois Rivieres, marriage (I)-Pierre Coug dit
Lafleur, b-1624 married Marie Mite8ameg8k8e sauvagesse, b-1631, died
August 6, 1665 Trois Rivieres
May 27: Kabec, the ship Vierge arrives with captain
June 22: Kabec the ship Taureau at 150 tonnage with gunner
Jean Denilt and sailor Jean Riat, captain Elie Tadourneau.
July 14: Trois Riviers, Quebec, birth (III)-Jeanne Couc dit
Lafleur, Metis, killed October 23, 1679, Trois Rivieres, daughter
(II)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur, (1624-1690) and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e
(Miteouamigoukoue), an Algonquine, sauvagesse, (1631-1699).
Jeanne was murdered by Jean Rattier duBuisson, on October 23, 1679, who
was never punished.
July 29: Fathers Gabriel Thubieres de Levy de Queylus
(1622-1677), Gabriel Souart (1611-1691), Dominique Galinier and Antoine
d'Allet (1634-1693) arrived in Quebec to found a seminary in
August 20: Kabec, the ship Armes d'Amsterdam at 250 tonnage
arrives with captain Jacob Gilles, the Saint Sebastien captain
Guillaume and Jean Poulet and at least one ship unknamed..
August 21: Three Frenchmen are killed at Ville-Marie
(Montreal) by the Onneiotchronnons (Iroquois). Dailleboust
ordered the imprisonment of all Iroquois at Ville-Marie (Montreal),
Three Rivers and Quebec. Some 50-60 Savages are placed in
irons. In retaliation; Three French are captured at Three
Rivers in plain view of everyone. At Quebec the Iroquois appeared
in the fields killing the farmers and pounced upon the Alconquin women,
killing them, taking some away as prisoners, who were later recovered
by the pursuing French, Huron's and Algonquin's. The French alone
in this pursuit numbered 200.
September 12: Temple and Crowne agree to divide
Acadia. Thomas Temple (1614-1674) received the area from
Lunenburg, Acadia ( Nova Scotia) to the St. George River, Maine.
September 13: Louis d'Aillebout de Coulonge is appointed
administrator of New France from September 13 to July 10, 1658.
October 15: Kebec, birth (II)-Antoine Prevost, Metis, died
March 16, 1662, Kebec, son (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611- 1691) and
Marie Oliver Sylvestre Manitouabewich, Huron or Algonquin, b-1620
December 10: (I)-Emmanuel Le Borgne (1610-1675) is
appointed Governor of Acadia, which is still occupied by the
English. This is likely an error as he only spent two years in
Acadia 1653-1655 and was not a nice person and lacked the influence or
capital for such a position. He died broke at Larochelle, France.
Thirty five marriages, ninety births and eighteen deaths are
recorded in Kebec, New France.
The population of Port Royal, Acadia is no more than 250 souls.
(I)-Father Claude Jean Allouez (1622-1689) arrived Kebec.
Claude Dablon (1618-1697) a Jesuit and French settlers near
Syracuse, New York fled to Canada to avoid massacre.
(I)-Pierre You, sieur De la Decouverte b-1658, died August 28,
1718, Ville-Marie (Montreal) married likely 1693 Ville-Marie (Montreal)
to Elisabeth Sauvagesse Miami.
An order from the French King forbid the people of New France to
leave the colony without the Governors permission in the form of a
permit. Until this time, 50% of the indentured French returned to
France after their indenture was complete. A permit is issued
only to those who have a wife and children and considerable property,
to return to France to conduct business. The three year indenture
to New France became a life sentence. In effect, these French
Canadians are no longer citizens of France.
(I)-Pierre de Voyer Vicomte d'Argenson (1625-1709) became Governor
of New France on July 11, 1658 to August 31, 1661. It is said
that he spent half his time defending New France from the Iroquois and
the other half defending New France from the Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)-
Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), who it was said
"listened to no one" (Bishop Quebec 1659-1688) and the
Jesuits. Lavel was a political appointment to undermine the
Governors of New France in an attempt for the Jesuits to regain
control. He urged a monopoly control over the fur trade and an
increased agrarian population, but his advice was not heeded
The thirty years religious war had ended in Europe. Absolutism
of one king, one faith and one law in France entrenched rather than
used the promised tolerance. Religious tolerance, abolishment of
witch hunts and inquisition persecution, is promised. The peasant
population, especially the Protestants, continue to be harassed, and
there are higher taxes to pay for the war. The people could see
no immediate relief to their misery.
The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency
(1623-1708), was made Apostolic Vicar in New France. He came
under the direct authority of the Roman Papacy and not under the
authority of the French Crown. Last year, the Sulpicians
had taken over the parish of Ville-Marie (Montreal) and became
seigneurs of the island. Within a few months they were feuding
bitterly with the Jesuits and with Bishop Laval, after he arrived, over
ecclesiastical jurisdiction. To complicate matters, the divided
clergy was in bitter opposition with the Governor and merchants.
New France was being torn apart, and they appealed to the French Crown
to resolve their issues.
Kebec, 5 ships arrived, the Saint Joseph at 350 tonnage captain
Fabien Marot, the Taureau at 150 tonnage captain Elie Tadourneau, the
Prince Guillaume at 200 tonnage captain Jacques Jamain, the Saint
Sebastien captain Guillaume et Jean Poulet and the Sacrifice d'Abraham
at 300 tonnage pilopt Pierre Boileau and captain Elie Raymond.
April: The people of Beaupre request an inquiry concerning the
life and morals of Father Vaillant of Cote de
Beaupre. Father Vaillant counter charged the people of
Beaupre as calumniators (slanders). Eighty-three witnesses are
called, and Father Vaillant is condemned and ordered to pay costs.
(II)-Alexander Le Borgne (1640-1693) moved to Le Heve that was
burned by his father in 1653 and recently abandoned by the
English. Thomas Temple from Boston moved against Le Heve and
captured Borgne and sent him to England and prison.
June 1: (I)-Pierre Esprit Radisson (1640-1710) and
(I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1695/98) depart Quebec for
Lake Superior and beyond, to visit the Dakota Sioux.
July 7: Quebec, (I)- Louis Guerineau aka Garnaud (1634-1698)
joined with Jacques Jacquereau to purchase a concession in Coste de
Beaupre later called Guardian Angel
August 10: Construction of Hotel Dieu in Quebec is
September 29: Marguerite Bourgeoys and Jeanne Mance
(1606-1673) departed Ville-Marie (Montreal) for France to recruit young
girls to be teachers.
Thirty six marriages, ninety one births and thirty one deaths are
recorded in New France.
Records indicate 36 marriages, 91 births, 31 deaths and 60 excedant
(single?) in Kebec, New France. The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)-
Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), appealed to King
Louis XIV to send troops to defeat the Iroquois barbarians.
(II)-Jean Baptiste Prevost, Metis, b-1659, died May 12, 1737, St.
Augustin, son (I)-Martin Prevost, (1611-1691) and Marie Oliver
Sylvestre, Sauvagesse, (1626-1665): married 1st. August 18, 1683,
Quebec, (II)-Marie Anne Giroux, b-1607 daughter (I)-Toussaint Giroux:
married 2nd February 3, 1712, Ste Foye, (III)-Genevieve Sedilot,
daughter (II)-Jean Sedilot.
(I)-Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers (1618-1696?) ventured among the
Wendat to persuade them to bring more pelts down the St. Lawrence
River. In the Green Bay area, he heard stories of much untouched
beaver, north of Lake Superior to the inland sea (Bay of the North or
Cap Breton, Acadia is commanded by Monsieur Denis.
Pierre Esprit Radisson (1636-1710) is taken on an unlicensed fur
trading expedition to Lake Superior and Michigan by his half sister's
husband, Medard Chouart des Grosseilliers. He learns, at this
time, of the Bay of the North (Hudson Bay).
French in small boat.
Many small boats were being used on the St Lawrence River.
(I)-Louis Garnault is born 1641 in Grimaudiere, France. The
location of Grimaudiere is about five miles from Mirebeau, the district
of Leveche de Poitiers (Vienne). He is the son of Pierre Garnault
and Jeanne Barrault. He immigrated to New France under the name
of Louis Garnaud. He was probably a Protestant and indentured for
thirty-six months. La Rochelle, France is the most probable
departure point to New France. La Rochelle is a sordid city
because of its crowded and shabby streets, packed tightly about the
waterfront. He probably arrived the summer of this year, maybe
Three ships arrived this year at Fort Quebec;
Saint-Andre- at 300 tonnnage with Captain
Guillaume Poulet. Garneau not listed this ship.
Prince Guillaume- at 200 tonnage with Captain
Sacrifice dAbraham- at 300 tonnage with Captain
The accomplishments of the Jesuit missionaries from 1625 to 1659
are, to say the least, minor. The failure of their mission is
more than compensated for by their activities as secular colonial
Three Frenchmen are killed by the Iroquois at Ville-Marie
March 6: Ste Genevieve, Montreal, birth (V)-Marie Angelique
Plouf, Metis, Daughter (IV)-Maurice Plouf and (V)-Marie Francois,
May: Monsieur de la Citiere, L'Archevesque and Herosme upset a
canoe returning from the Island of Orleans in heavy gale. Two
Alguonquins, Jean de Noyon, a Jesuit domestic, departed Three Rivers on
an embassy to Agnie, with Tigarihogen, 4 freed Iroquois Kebec
prisoners, and three ambassadors from Oneiout.
May 5: Ville-Marie (Montreal), birth (II)-Jeanne Gervaise,
Metis, daughter (I)- Jean Gervaise (1621-1690), and (II)-Anne
Archambault, Metis (1621-1699); married January 17, 1678, Ville-Marie
(Montreal), Jean Dupuis.
June: LaRose says the 'Flemish Bastard' is leading five
Iroquois canoes to make war on the French.
June 16: The Jesuit Bishop, Father (I)- Francois Xavier
de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), arrived in Quebec. It is more
than ten years before Quebec would be made an Episcopal Sea with the
Jesuit Bishop Father (I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency
(1623-1708) as the first Bishop (1674). The Jesuit Bishop, Father
(I)- Francois Xavier de Laval Montmorency (1623-1708), moved into a
tiny two-story stone house, twenty by thirty feet in size and shared
with three priests, a valet-cook and a gardener. Bishop Laval's
mission is to assert the supremacy of Church over State.
July 8: Monsieur St. Denis departed Kebec for Tadousac
by canoe. Antoine des Rosiers escaped from the Onontageronons, Iroquois
near Lake Ontario, and arrived at Three Rivers.
August: Lespine set out from Kebec to hunt for seals at
Isle Rouge. He would return in September with 220 seals. Sieur
Maheu had, this month, set out from Kebec for the cod fishery at Isle
Percee. This month 54 livres of beaver skins were stolen from the
warehouse at Kebec.
August 1: Thirty three canoes of the Attikameg and Piskatang
arrived to trade from inland, and 6 canoes of Sault (Ojibwa).
They asked for some French to join them on their return home.
August 6: Six canoes of the Nation of Sault (Ojibwa)
arrived at Three Rivers, traveling inland routes, and had taken five
months to trade. They requested some Frenchmen accompany them on their
August 10: Three Rivers, Marie Sauvahesse a slave of Joseph
Claude Boucher of Niverville, Three Rivers being harassed by wife and
his/her mother a Marguerite Chastelin attacked the older woman with a
knife. The slave retreated to the attic and hung herself..
September: L'Epine, a Frenchman, is killed at Three
Rivers by the Iroquois. Monsieur Denis Mill on Cap Diamans began to
grind grain. The ship St. Andre arrived at Kebec with 130
passengers. 9-10 died during the passage of contagious fever. The
contagion was passed to those in the settlement and some died.
September 7: Marguerite Bourgeoys and Jeanne Mance
(1606-1673) arrived at the Mission of the Mountain of Montreal with 62
men and 47 women settlers, to establish the congregation of Notre Dame.
September 12: Guillaume Routier is taken captive by the
Iroquois while fishing eels at Cap Rouge.
November 4: Quebec, marriage (II)-Pierre Pinguet dit La
Glardiere b-1630, died April 22, 1704 Ste Foye, Quebec son (I)-Louise
Henri Pinguet; married (II)-Anne Chevalier, Metis, daughter (I)-Charles
Chevalier who arrived 1645 Trois Rivieres married a sauvagesse but not
November 27: Trois Tivieres, Quebec, birth, (II)-Louis Lafleur
dit Couc, Metis, voyageur, he was assassinated in 1709, going to
Albany, son (II)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur (1624-1690) and Marie
Mite8ameg8k8e (Miteouamigoukoue), an Algonquine, sauvagesse,
(1631-1699); 1st married 1681/3, Madeleine Sacokie, (Marie Sauvagesse);
2nd marriage January 7, 1687 St. Francois-du-Lac, Yamaska, Quebec
Jeanne Quiquetig8k8e or Ouigatigocon, b-1656.
December: The Governor and Bishop of New France are in a
childish struggle as to who has the higher place at social functions.
They even squabble over who should be incensed first at Holy Mass.
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