legislation sets minimum standards for the regulation of milk production,
processing and distribution. Each
province must adopt the minimum federal standards in their own legislation.
However any province is free to raise its provincial standards to a
higher level if it so chooses.
federal legislation is the Food and Drug Regulations of the Food and
Drugs Act, Section B.08.002.2(1).
Subject to subsection (2), no person shall sell the normal lacteal secretion
obtained from the mammary gland of the cow, genus Bos, or of any other animal,
or sell a dairy product made with any such secretion, unless the secretion or
dairy product has been pasteurized by being held at a temperature and for a
period that ensure the reduction of the alkaline phosphatase activity so as
to meet the tolerances specified in official method MFO-3, Determination of
Phosphatase Activity in Dairy Products, dated November 30, 1981.
Ontario legislation is the Health Protection and Promotion Act, Section
18.(1). No person shall sell, offer for sale, deliver or distribute milk or
cream that has not been pasteurized or sterilized in a plant that is licensed
under the Milk Act or in a plant outside Ontario that meets the standards
for plants licensed under the Milk Act.
the federal and provincial legislations prohibit the distribution of raw
milk at the present time.
a federal exemption exists to permit the production and sale of
un-pasteurized cheese, under the Food and Drug Act Section B.08.002.2(2). Subsection
(1) does not apply to (a) cheese; or (b) any food that is sold for further
manufacturing or processing in order to pasteurize it in the manner described
in subsection (1).