in Utah's San Rafael Desert
Far from habitation in Utah's San Rafael desert in the United States,
I came across two mysterious metal plates mounted on wood inscribed with signatures and words
of a language that looks like Spanish or Portuguese. I photographed the signs with the hope
that someone would be able to translate them, but they proved to be difficult.
Years later, I met David Loope who as a student had worked for the United States
Park Service in Utah, in the area of the signs. Dr. Loope is now a geologist at the
University of Nebraska. He didn't know about the signs but knew someone who might; he
asked Gary Cox (USNPS, Canyonlands National Park), who replied: "I believe these are French
Basque sheepherder inscriptions. And I think that these sheepherders probably worked for the
Chuchuru brothers, given the relatively late dates. The Chuchurus were running sheep in and
around Horseshoe Canyon from 1945 to 1975."
Basque language! The Basque language (Euskara) is an ancient language spoken in an area
between Spain and France. I found a website on the internet that offers
to translate Basque to English, and submitted a request. My request was forwarded to Joxe
Mallea-Olaetxe, a historian at the Center for Basque Studies at the University of
Nevada in Reno. Dr. Mallea has recorded thousands of sheepherder tree carvings
('arborglyphs'), petroglyphs, and other
sheepherder artifacts in western United States over many years, and confirms that the
inscriptions were indeed made by Basque sheepherders.
Dr. Mallea wrote: "Much of what is on the plates are names and dates from the 1950s
and 1960s. One sheepherder writes 'soy vasco' (I am Basque). The text is mostly in Basque,
but three statements are in Spanish ... In the text there are several 'Long live the Basque
sheepherder friends' and such. Another says that there's lots of snow. Another complains
that someone (not identified) plays too much music. This is dated 1958 when sheepherders
acquired transistor radios. This same herder says that he is taking the
breeze--kind of windy--and has a pistol in his hand. Humor was important for
the lonely herders as the next statement is meant to be, 'What a misfortune
for a mother to have three daughters and all four of them are whores.' "
Move your mouse over the two signs below for translations by