VA3OVQ Campout Chillicon 2007
 VA3SIE Reflects on Annual Ottawa Valley QRP Society Camping Trip

   Chillicon is an annual event run by the Ottawa Valley QRP Society.  We camp and play QRP radio.   It's a great way to learn from each other about different field radio techniques:  antennas, feedlines, supports, weather proofing, carrying radio gear, different kits, etc.  I operated in several contests this time around: The New England QRP Club's ' QRP Afield', FISTS ' Get your Feet Wet Weekend', the SM3CER ' Scandinavian Activity Contest', and the Western Washington DX Club 'Washington State Salmon Run Contest'.

Friday Evening

Wire throwin'

fan vertical
Fan Vertical

   We (Martin VA3SIE and Fariba XYL de VA3SIE) arrived at Rideau River Provincial Park around 5 o'clock and picked up our permits, garbage bags and firewood then we went to find our site.  The sky was darkening and the wind was picking up.  Pat VE3EUR had already arrived and set up his tent.

   We set up the tent, inflated the air mattress, threw in our sleeping bags, and then we put up a new antenna I had designed and built the night before.  Along the same lines as a fan dipole, I decided to try a fan vertical, with a ¼-λ wire for 80m (74′ 8¼″), a ¼-λ wire for 40m (35′) and a ¾-λ wire for 20m (48′ 8″), all connected together at the base and fanned out at the top using #24 AWG teflon coated silver plated wire.

   These were fed against 6 20m ¼-λ (16′ 4½″) wires connected together at one end and spread out equally like spokes of a wheel along the ground, secured by tent pegs at the ends.  The common base of the verticals was secured with a tent peg and fed against the common connection point of the counterpoise wires with 6″ of #24 guage wire connected to the center and shield of 30 feet of RG-174 coax.  

   The technique was to tie a rock to one end an 80ft length of thin nylon rope and attach the other end of it to the end of the antenna wire with an elastic band, then twirl the rock around lasso style and then release it such that the rock goes through a branch about 75ft above the ground and falls to the ground on the other side of the tree.  The wires were at about a 35° from vertical angle.  The elastic band is designed to allow the wire to be easily broken if it becomes necessary to recover the wire and rope separately.

Antenna connection points
Antenna feed point
My Fanned Verticals - 80m, 20m and 40m (Click!)

   The antenna was designed using EZNEC, and the predicted SWR was:

Expected SWR +.00MHz +.02MHz +.04MHz +.06MHz +.08MHz +.1MHz
 80m (3.5MHz-3.6MHz) 2.08 1.95 1.92 2.02 2.23 2.58
 40m (7.0MHz-7.1MHz) 1.17 1.08 1.03 1.09 1.16 1.24
20m (14.0MHz-14.1MHz) 1.21 1.16 1.12 1.12 1.16 1.21

   I hooked up my KX1, leaving the coax coiled in a 1 foot diameter loop and checked the real SWR.  It's always interesting to see how the theory and the reality match up.  Bearing in mind that the KX1 has an internal tuner, my initial observation was pretty close to the model, at least I was happy that I was able to find a reasonable match on all bands, specifically a SWR of 2.6:1 on 3.6MHz to 2.1:1 on 3.5MHz, 1.0:1 on both 7.1MHz and 7.0MHz, and 1.5:1 on 14.1 and 14.0MHz.

   As I was completing my antenna, Jim VE3XJ with his dogs Luca and Rasputin showed up as did Michael VE3WMB, Ying VA3YH and Pat VE3EUR.  When I got through with my own antenna and wandered over to say hello, Michael and Pat were in the process of analyzing Pats center-loaded vertical antenna which was 33ft of wire on a DK9SQ mast, center-loaded with a coil wound onto two cores fed against four 40m ¼-λ counterpoise wires.

Rasputin & Luca
Rasputin & Luca
Mike & Pat Analyzing…
Ying & Michael Tents/Antenna

It ain't called Chillicon for nothin!

   Jim brought a large batch of fine home made chilli along, Pat brought some home made herb bread, and I brought some 18 year old whiskey, so it wasn't long before we were piggin' out in fine style!…  we had just finished dinner when the thunder, lightning and rain started up, so we all ran to get our radio gear and camping stuff safely stowed away in our tents.

   I lay back on my sleeping bag and waited for the thunder to die down a bit, then I hooked up the fan vertical and hit 80m!  Well, my antenna SWR had measured okay when I initially installed it, well maybe 80m was a little high, but now it was really high, 3.5:1!  When I initially measured it, the coax was all coiled up, but now it was stretched out, and the 80m SWR had increased.  The good news was that I've transmitted with that kind of SWR before so I know the KX1 can take it!

   I threw caution to the wind and started operating in the FISTS "Get Your Feet Wet weekend" event.  I placed the KX1 into hand keying mode and used one paddle to get straight keying.   The lightning conspired to play games with the radio, and at one point it was sending strings of dits until I power cycled it…   Anyway, I managed a QSO with Ed, KG4W/E in VA on 80m with that high SWR, and then a non-contest QSO with Mike, KB8AZS in Cincinnati, OH, except that Mike just disappeared abruptly - or maybe I dozed off!

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
15 Sep 0145 3559 KG4W/E RST 459 Ed Nr. 12448 Yr. 77(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)
15 Sep 0245 7040 KB8AZS RST 569 Mike in Cin, OH.(in) RST 599, Talked about camping, etc.(out)

Saturday Morning

Toast and Tuning


   We arose to a cold (10°C/50°F) and soggy Saturday morning and mopped up some small puddles of water that had pooled on the tent floor… must seal tent seams before next year!   After a hot shower, Michael provided some welcome hot coffee and Jim toasted some of Michael's cinnamon bread and cream cheese… we truly were living like kings!

   After breakfast, I hooked up Anthony VE3ZAF MFJ analyzer to my antenna, I was curious about why the 80m SWR was higher when I operated during the night from the tent than when I measured it after first installing it.  I discovered that there was a difference in the SWR from the coax coiled up or straightened out.……Here's what I measured:

Low SWR Points 80m 40m 30m 20m
 Coax Straight 3.2MHz 6.95 9.7 14.5
 Coax Coiled 3.3MHz 6.95 9.7 14.4

Pat Tent
Pats Tent

   Michael suggested that on 20m and 80m the coax shield is part of the radiating antenna system and that's why the low SWR points change when the coax is coiled versus the coiled being straightened out.

   I also observed that the 80m resonance point was quite a bit lower in frequency than designed, the 40m slightly lower and the 20m slightly higher.   I believe the difference in resonance points is due to the antenna model being unable to model counterpoises which run along the ground.  I had modelled the counterpoise system at 1ft above the ground so I tried moving the entire antenna to 0.3ft above the ground and the modelled resonant frequency did drop, so that was very interesting!

   I adjusted the 80m ¼-λ wire by letting the wire down and then cutting off a four foot chunk of wire, then raisin the antenna again, and it made a world of difference, the resonance point raised to almost exactly 3.56MHz with the coax coiled up:  

Low SWR Points 80m 40m 30m 20m
 Coax Straight 3.45MHz 6.95 9.7 14.5
 Coax Coiled 3.55MHz 6.95 9.7 14.4

Saturday Afternoon

The Contests!

   The rain came on again for a short while, so we went for a snooze in the tent, I listened in to the 40m Pot Hole Net based in Ottawa, I could hear everyone at about an R3/S3 but no one heard me, 40m is not possible on 2W so close to Ottawa.  I enjoyed listening in though!

VA3SIE Sends some polar bear GRRRs (Click play button!)

   Around 1130am I set up a chair under the rain cover out front of the tent and tuned to 7040kHz

   …and there was Ken, WA8REI/P, Polar Bear #21 camping in the Huron National Forest.   I had a nice long chat with Ken talking about his WX (well cold WX!), FT-817 and antennas, and also his brother Paul being there wilderness camping.  I send a hearty GRR! and then I tuned around for a little while around 7040kHz and 14060kHz, but QRP Afield was quiet in the first hour I didn't hear anyone else at that time.

   I decided to work some Scandinavian Activity Contest stations instead, so I worked my way up 20m with my lowly 2W signal ;)… I managed to contact OH7M and OF5A. At the top of the hour, back to 40m in search of QRP Afielders, and who should I hear but alpha bear Ron WB3AAL!  I caught the end of his QSO with PB Ken and popped in a GRRR!!

   Ron made an exchange with Jim, W1PID (see his QRP Afield report here) and then I called Ron and we exchanged GRRRs.  Great to work Polar Bears!  Ron commented that my 2W doing great…! The upcoming polar bear moonlight madness season is going to be a lot of fun!

   Bob VA3RKM arrived for the day and he and Michael, Jim, Ying and Pat loaded up the cars and drove to the beach pavilion where they would be sheltered if the rain came on, and it was threatening rain all afternoon.

   Talking about polar bears, Fariba made some nice hot chocolate and as I was sipping on mine, I heard another polar bear on the air:  Craig WB3GCK!  Great to hear Craig, last time I talked to Craig it was from the top of the Appalachian Trail as I was hiking with the EPA Polar Bears.  Craig also mentioned my 2W FB, I must say I was pretty pleased with this antenna.  After a quick 72, 73, GRR and that's another bear in the log ;)

VA3SIE Operating
Thumbs Up!
Hot Chocolate
Hot Chocolate, anyone?

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
15 Sep 1530 7040 WA8REI/P RST 579 Ken MI 5W(in) RST 589 w/QSB Martin ON 2W(out)
15 Sep 1550 20m OH7M 599439(in) 599001(out)
15 Sep 1600 20m OF5A 599504(in) 599002(out)
15 Sep 1627 7042 WB3AAL RST 559 Ron PA nr. 629(in) RST 559 Martin ON 2W(out)
15 Sep 1749 7039 WB3GCK RST 559 Craig PA nr. 288(in) RST 559 Martin ON 2W(out)

   I went on a little walk after that contact to see how the other guys were making out at the beach pavilion.

   Ying was fully set up with a beautiful stack of enclosures (W7EL Optimized Transceiver - August 1980 QST article, "An Optimized QRP Transceiver", power amplifier and antenna tuner in stacked enclosures) using a small vertical antenna clipped to the park bench, it was designed for park rangers to take out on thier rounds, so it was doing a great job for QRP Afield!

   Jim was in the process of putting a long doublet up over the top of the pavilion.  He was using a compressed air tennis ball launcher that he built.  I've heard of these, but never seen one being used (until now!)  Jim connected up an air compressor, built up a nice 100psi of pressure and then

woooooooosh!!…  Great!

Jim with Antenna Launcher
Bob operates VA3OVQ Afield
Ying VA3YH Afield
VA3OVQ Antennas
VE3WMB/VA3OVQ Antenna System

   I next wandered over to look at the antenna which Michael and Bob were putting up.   The antenna was an elevated counterpoise and a vertical wire.  I forget exactly what Michael called it, something like an up&out or an up&up something like that anyway.

VA3OVQ Antenna

   Bob VA3RKM and Michael VE3WMB were operating a K2 using VA3OVQ under the pavillion… also under the pavillion was Pat.  Pat was running a Wilderness Sierra into his vertical fishing pole vertical antenna with ground radials at the base, matched with a ZM-2 tuner.

   Contesting like this is a challenge.  Everyone commented that it was hard operating in such close proximity to each other.  Even back at the campsite, the signals were very strong, and I could still hear everyone with the antenna disconnected.  Were it not threatening rain so much I think we would probably have sat father apart.

   After checking out what the rest of the group were getting up to, I walked down the beach and looked up the river and I spotted a pier.  Hmm, interesting…

Did someone say pedestrian mobile?…

Pedestrian Mobile

   I had brought an experiment with me.

   Over the winter, I had operated pedestrian mobile using a combination antenna which was a small loop for 40m and a vertical antenna for 20m. You can find full details of that system here.

   You can see me using this antenna here.

   I've had very good success with the 20m vertical but more often than not, the 40m loop generated a signal which was just too weak to be heard at the other end of the QSO.

   I've been considering trying another antenna for a while.  Michael has had some success with linear loading, which is to say folding a wire element back on itself with some small separation and feeding it at one end (using twinlead), so although the twinlead is only 16′ tall, the radio sees 32′.

   I decided to try a different technique.  I wanted to try helical distributed loading, which is to say: wrapping the wire around and around the full length of the pole, adding a nice evenly distributed inductive load across the full length of the element instead of the normal lumped inductance.  Earlier in the summer, I did try winding 28′ #24 AWG wire helically onto a 20′ fishing pole and feeding it against a ¼-λ dragged counterpoise.  It didn't work well, I had a 2.6:1 SWR which is high, so I thought a little bit more wire this time around, and I tried 35′.

   I walked back to the camp and took out my 20′ fishing pole.  I tied a 35′ #24 AWG wire to the tip of the fishing pole and then twisted each fiberglass section around and around, slipping them out of the lower section a little bit at a time, then locking them and continuing with the next one.

Pedestrian Mobile

   Each time I locked two sections of fiberglass together I would use electrical tape to reinforce the join, and that also kept the turns nice and uniform, about a ½″ winding pitch, which meant the antenna wire was wound over the top 18′ of the 20′ pole.

   The base and 2′ of the fishing pole sat down into a PVC pipe harness which was zipped into a backpack.  Both the antenna wire and the counterpoise wire (29′ #26 AWG teflon coated, silver plated wire) are terminated in a banana plug, so I had a 4′ length of RG-174 with a BNC plug on one end and a pair of banana plug sockets on the other end, and the antenna wire and counterpoise wire connected to those.

   Those sockets were taped to the top of the PVC harness at my neck level.  The RG-174 came down from my neck along my arm to a clipboard to which the radio, battery, paddles, earphone and a notebook were strapped with rubber bands. This is the same as my previous pedestrian mobile setup which you can see here.

   I walked first over to the beach pavilion and on the way I called WA8REI/P and WB3GCK a second time, so that they could use the /PM contact in their QRP afield log if they wanted to instead of my /P callsign…:)…  I then walked over to the pier I spotted earlier and walked out onto the river.

   I didn't want to interfere with the guys operating QRP Afield on 40m who were just a little farther down the beach, so I decided to operate in the FISTS Get your Feet Wet Weekend instead.  I called CQ FC and who should call me but Ed, KG4W/E in Vermont who I had worked on 80m the previous evening during the thunderstorm!.  Ed was using a Carolina Windom at 120ft and he was nice and strong with me, it was a fun contact.

/PM on the Pier

   I called CQ again and this time, Dave W8FGU/P/N came back using 5W from his K2 into a doublet from his yard.  I just love 2XQRP contacts and it was nice to get an RST 559 from Michigan, but the QSB was knowking our signals completely out at times.  Ironically, Dave said "HPE UR BACK HOLDS OUT"... I'm sitting here writing this web page wearing a heat pack because my back did NOT hold out, although it wasn't anything to do with the pedestrian mobile it was carrying the camping stuff back into the basement :)  Nice QSO, Dave!

   Another CQ and another contact - a quick one this time, Ed, W8NZW/E in Michigan.  Propagation was on the rise to Michigan, Ed gave me RST 589!  The fishing pole is doing a much better job on 40m than the small loop I was using before, so I think we can say that the experiment was an overwhelming success.  Next I'd like to compare it to a linear loaded vertical.

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
15 Sep 1805 7040 WA8REI/P Repeat Call /PM
15 Sep 1810 7039 WB3GCK Repeat Call /PM
15 Sep 1820 7111 KG4W/E RST 559 Ed Nr. 12448 Yr. 77(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)
15 Sep 1830 7111 W8FGU/P/N RST 559 Dave Pwr 5W Yr. 06(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)
15 Sep 1915 7111 W8NZW/E RST 589 Ed 1747 Yr. 50(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)

   I walked back to the camp and shrugged off the pedestrian mobile gear, pulled the feedline over from the fan verticals and made myself comfortable in front of the campfire that Fariba had made.  

Fariba walking Rasputin & Luca

   Fariba arrived back from walking Rasputin and Luca, and made me hot chocolate!  I listened around on the bands, and I called WB2AKP, but he didn't hear me.

   Fellow Adventure Radio Society member Paul AA4XX/PM did hear me though, he called me and I was wishing that I was still out pedestrian mobile, I've never had a /PM to /PM contact on 40m yet.  Paul gave me RST 449, he was pedestrian mobile running 5W from an ATS-III into a vertical supported by a helium balloon!  The windy conditions were dragging the balloon down as low as 10ft from 60ft.  I thoroughly enjoyed my chat with Paul from VE3-land, I love his articles!

   I finished off QRP Afield being one of Cal K4JSI's 19 QSOs.  Cal was using a K1 and a VBWFPA antenna and he had a nice strong signal up here in Ontario, despite my "contest form" 559 report ;)

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
15 Sep 2020 7040 AA4XX/PM RST 449 Paul NC 5W(in) RST 449 Martin ON 2W(out)
15 Sep 2030 40m K4JSI RST 559 MD 5W(in) RST 559 Martin ON 2W(out)

Saturday Evening

Eat, Drink & be Merry…oh, and work QRP DX!

   As I signed off with Paul, light rain started again so we adjourned to the tent, whereupon I lay on my sleeping back and worked K4ORD in the QCWA Fall QSO Party.  At first I thought this was a FISTS 'Get your Feet Wet Weekend' contact because the exchange was so similair, but when I realized my error, Riley was more than happy to send me his FISTS number too :)  We chatted about the tent, sleeping bag and the nice time of the year.   The rain didn't amount to anything, and in fact the clouds cleared right up, but I stayed in the tent anyway :)

   QRN from nearby storms was pretty bad and that prevented me from contacting VE3BNO, George, so I decided to QSY up to 20m.  On 20m I made a contest style exchange with Eugene, EA5/UT2XD in Alicante, Spain.  Eugene gave me a 559, not bad with 2W, but I expect he was hearing me with a multi-element beam :)  I also contacted OF8X in the Scandinavian Activity Contest

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
15 Sep 2100 40m K4ORD RST 569 Riley VA Nr 4272 Yr 49(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)
15 Sep 2116 14008 EA5/UT2XD RST 559 Eugene in Alicante, Spain(in) RST 599(out)
15 Sep 2135 20m OF8X 5991048(in) 599003(out)

Fariba Dark
Fariba in the spooky dark :)

   A little later, we all went out for a great dinner at a local family restraunt, and we warmed up nicely with some beers.  On the way home, we picked up a stack of maple wood, and when we got back to camp, we sat around Jim's fire and toasted marshmallows and drank whiskey!  The mercury was falling fast with the clearing skies and was down around 6°C/43°F so we broke up around 10pm and then we heard a shout from Pat's camp… racoons had chewed a hole in his tent to help themselves to the herb bread!

   Here's the story straight from the horse's mouth:

   “Saturday night was very chilly so we broke up the party at Jim's camp site when he used up the last of his firewood. As I crossed the road to my tent, I noticed a pair of shiny disks near the ground and beside my tent reflecting the light from my head lamp. UFOs? I showed this to Michael and as he added candlepower, they disappeared but reappeared in the bushes at the back of my campsite. When we got to the tent we saw that a hole had been chewed into the side of the tent and a bag of bread had been accessed through this hole. Arrgh! Resourceful, hungry critters at work.”

   “I retrieved what was left of the bread and took it to Jim's fire for disposal. I mentioned the situation to Martin who was curious enough to bring his flashlight over to my campsite. Martin and I saw at least two sets of eyes in the bush behind the tent. Obviously, there was an accomplice. I mentioned what had happened to some nearby campers who cheerfully said the creatures were raccoons and they were quite tame. That's something I didn't want to hear -- the tame part.”

Glow in the dark!…

   “I made sure there was no more food in the tent, put my plastic cooler on the picnic table and went to bed. Some time during the night I heard a commotion at the picnic table so I figured my stuff would be strewn all over the yard. Too damn cold to go out to stop the party, though.”

   “In the morning I was surprised to see that the critters had been unsuccessful in breaking into my cooler although there were lots of muddy footprints on it that showed they tried. I figure they were sitting on the lid while they were prying it -- not so smart after all. Anyway, we all survived the incident and I went home happy from the enjoyable weekend.”

   “Moral -- don't have any food in your tent. This is obvious in bear country but I hadn't considered their smaller, equally destructive cousins.”

Burning maple and 80m in the wee hours, what fun!

   After we broke up for the night, we got our maple wood burning and I hooked up to the fan verticals back at our campsite.  I haven't really used 80m much since I built that option into my KX1 which is unforgivable really as it was arguably the most difficult part of constructing my KX1, so I was really looking forward to the night ahead, since the skies were clear and the SWR was favourable compared to the night before.

VA3SIE operating on 80m!

   My first contact was with K7INA, in Clallam County, Washington State, operating in the Western Washington DX Club 'Washington State Salmon Run Contest'  That's got to be my farthest 40m contact ever!  Cool!

   I called Bill, WA3FHM next, in Raleigh, North Carolina, but Bill completely disappeared after the first over.   I'm not sure what happened there because he was really strong.  Anyway I hung around for a little while and listened but I never heard Bill again, perhaps just one of those odd propagation moments!

   I nipped over to 80m next, and contacted Ron AC2C/N in Maryland who was operating in the FISTS ' Get your Feet Wet Weekend'.  There was quite a lot of noise from lightning, that storm which hit the previous night was still making its presence known!

   Next was Joel, W3ZT, who was in New York State.  Through the noise, my copy was not great, so I think Joel was running either 50W or 25W, with a National HRO-400 receiver, I didn't catch his TX or ANT, WX was Sunny and cool during the day.  With the temps dropping to 5°C/41°F it was time for me to QRT too!

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
16 Sep 0305 40m K7INA RST 599 Clallam County, WA(in) RST 599 ON(out)
16 Sep 0314 7034 WA3FHM RST 579, Raleigh, NC(in) RST 599, ON, Camping, Fire, etc.(out)
16 Sep 0407 3557 AC2C/N RST 559 Ron MD Nr. 12639 Yr 65(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05(out)
16 Sep 0448 3538 W3ZT RST 559 Joel, NY(in) RST 599 Martin, ON(out)

Sunday Morning

Eggs & Pot Lids

   Sunday morning was bright and cold!  The temperature bottomed out overnight at 4°C/39°F, so it was a little fresh as we emerged from the tent.

A Nice fire in the morning!

   I tried checking into the 80m ONTARS net first thing in the morning.  Don VE3ODT took my check-in.  After that we had a nice bracing hot shower and then we all went for out for a cooked breakfast - Hit the spot!

   This morning I hoped to have better luck checking into the Pot Lid slow speed CW net, perhaps 80m would be better for the local contacts.  We got back from the restraunt and the net preamble was already going, it was good timing.

   Net control was Doreen VE3CGO.  On the net this morning was VE3GX Ed, VE3GM George, VE3XL Ric, VE3ZBB Betty, VA3ZBB Rod, VA3TJP Mike, VE3VK Gus and VE3QSO, our next door neighbour!  I checked in and offered 73 from all the campers.  Several net members commented it is a bit cool temps for camping, but at that time I was sitting near a fire with a belly full of breakfast so I was feeling quite toasty!  

VA3SIE participates in the Pot Lid Net

   I could hear everyone pretty strong… Jerry's morse speed was also a bit too fast for me though!  Thanks for a FB fun net, Doreen!

   I spent the early afternoon operating in the Western Washington DX Club 'Washington State Salmon Run Contest'.  I managed to find the salmon W7DX: great!!, and also K7QQ as well.

   I switched over to 40m to work some more FISTS ' Get your Feet Wet Weekend'.  I tried calling KA8HFN/E who was RST 599 but the propagation must have been one way, he couldn't hear me well enough to complete the exchange.  I slipped down the band and tried desperately to work W6P, the Route 66 special event station but it wasn't to be.  My final contact of the day was with K5ZGM in Western Ohio.

Date Time Freq Call Exchange
16 Sep 1256 3755 VE3ODT ONTARS Net
16 Sep 1515 7034 WA3FHM RST 439 with QSB(in) Camping, Fire, etc.(out)
16 Sep 1755 14050 W7DX RST 599 King(in) RST 599 ON(out)
16 Sep 1800 20m K7QQ RST 599 Kits(in) RST 599 ON(out)
16 Sep 1825 7111 KA8HFN/E Nil, too weak(in) RST 599 Martin Nr. 13014 Yr. 05 (out)
16 Sep 1840 7033 K5ZGM RST 579 OH(in) RST 599 ON(out)

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