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This page is dedicated to native adoptees and foster children - past, present and future.

In the fifties and sixties many native children were adopted into non-native homes or were taken into foster care. Patrick Johnston in his study Native Children and the Child Welfare System coined the phrase "Sixties Scoop" to describe this phenomenon. I was one of those children. That's me on the left, in the earliest picture I have of myself. I have been fortunate to reunite with two of my sisters. We are still looking for our brother. Our mother passed away many years ago. I grew up thinking I was an oddity and didn't realize until many years later that there were many others like me.

Many paths, many stories

All of our stories are unique. Some of us are aware of our tribal affiliations, others have no way of ever finding out. Some are driven by the search for kin, others are not. Some of us have met blood relatives, others will never know their natural kin. Some were raised in positive environments, others were not so fortunate.

You can read some of their stories on the Articles page. Please visit the Links page to see some home pages by other native adoptees. There is a growing body of literature on the subject which I would like to share with you on the Books and Viewing pages of this site. Those of you searching for birth relatives may find some assistance in the Contacts page.

Please sign the guestbook if you would like to leave a message for me or other visitors to read.

Why a page especially for native adoptees and foster children?

How is our experience different from that of other adoptees and kids in foster care? I cannot speak for others, but in my case, it was the experience of growing up as a native child in a non-indigenous environment and realizing that I was different. Later, I realized that there was a whole culture that I had never known and I wanted to have some understanding of the historical and societal pressures that lead to my separation from my natural family. You can read about the history of indigenous child removal in Canada and Australia on the Reports page.

Email your comments and suggestions to