The only reason a person gives up a study
or becomes confused or unable to learn is because he or she has gone
past a word or symbol that was not understood.
- L. Ron Hubbard
At least, that's what Hubbard said in
all his "non-fiction." Unfortunately, he made up new words or
definitions as he went along. Thus there's a lot of potential for
confusion, and it's his own fault.
This page was originally intended as a guide to unfamiliar
Scientology jargon that I used on my anti-Scientology Web site.
However, it's taken on a life of its own, and can nearly be
regarded as a Scientology dictionary in its own right (albeit a
small and skeptical one). Individual pages containing
Scientologese are linked to this one at first mention, and this
glossary is internally cross-referenced.
Much of this material was adapted from Martin Hunt's excellent
Terminology FAQ, with his kind permission. Martin is a former
Scientologist and much more familiar with the strange language of
Scientologese than me. Therefore, this glossary should not be
misconstrued as a competing FAQ.
There is no ARSCC. Therefore, it cannot control and
co-ordinate anti-Scientology efforts worldwide, is not headed by
Major Domo and his shadowy masters, the Wise Ones, and does not
meet secretly on a regular basis. The Knights of Xenu (KoX) and
the First Electronic Church of Scamizdat
are not its subsidiaries.
Seriously, the ARSCC (which does not exist) is the same sort
of troll as the Usenet Cabal (there is no Cabal) troll perpetrated
on newbies (not to mention a few loudmouthed Usenet veterans).
L. Ron Hubbard, ever the paranoid, often referred to various shady
organizations in his voluminious "bulletins": Smersh (yes, that's
right, the enemy spy organization in the James Bond novels), the
"Tenyaka Memorial," the cabal of world bankers, and the Fifth
Invader Fleet (insect-like aliens who are the forerunners of
psychiatry), just to name a few. Church President Heber Jentzsch
often accuses the "psychs" of being behind
the latest Scientology scandal.
True to form, the current Church authorities see criticism on
the Internet as an organized movement, supposedly headed at
various times by Dennis Erlich, Jeff Jacobsen, the psychiatrists,
the Cult Awareness Network, or Grady Ward. In one lawsuit, the
Scientologists' infinite capacity for paranoia surfaced when
attorney Helena Kobrin demanded that a defendant surrender
information on a list of subjects that included the First
Electronic Church of Scamizdat. You gotta laugh.
The action of running Scientology or Dianetic processes on a preclear. Auditing usually involves an e-meter, with the PC holding onto the soup-can
electrodes, and an Auditor taking down notes and asking questions.
Auditing in the HGC costs over $500 per
In solo-auditing, the preclear holds both cans in one
hand and uses the other to write up his own notes. Solo auditing
is part of the OT Levels, NOTs, and other advanced technology.
According to Hubbard's A History of Man, clams reproduced by spores. These spores grew
into barnacle-like baby clams, which would sometimes explode due
to inner gas buildup. Auditing out
barnacle engrams is supposed to prevent
toothache and tooth decay. Don't give up regular brushing.
The rewarding experience of being something or someone.
Hubbard wrote that "[t]he ability to assume or to grant beingness
is probably the highest of human virtues. It is even more
important to be able to permit other people to have beingness than
to be able oneself to assume it." Wooo.
Something seen as being of great benefit, but tending to be
nebulous, or incomprehensible to Scientology outsiders. I
had such Big Wins all week on the Purif. I
began to see what really lies behind my case! See also Win.
1. v.t. To get rid of the charge or mass of an engram. I blew so much mass at my session!
2. To leave suddenly, e.g. to quit Scientology: This
sucks. I'm blowing the org tonight.
3. n. The person who does this. Sam blew off
post today; he's our third blow this week!
According to the OT III document, "a
thetan who is stuck to another thetan or
body but is not in control." A BT is just like any other Thetan
except that he doesn't have a body of his own, so he has to stick
to someone else's. Hubbard even said that "[o]ne's body is a mass
of individual thetans stuck to oneself or to the body." Everyone
is literally teeming with BTs, and the higher OT levels are concerned with auditing them away, as being infested with
BTs is spiritually harmful.
The Bridge is the track of auditingprocesses needed to achieve the highest
level of Scientology achievement (currently OT
VIII). A Scientologist can go up the Bridge in one of two
ways: first, by training to be an auditor and working through the
grades of auditor qualification; second, by receiving auditing and
working through the grades, OT levels, etc.
Interestingly, in Scientology one goes "up" the Bridge rather
than "across" it as would be expected. Maybe it's a drawbridge,
and someone forgot to close it.
The source point from which effects emanate. (Duh.)
To be at cause over something means to have the
ability to create an effect in it: in plain English, to be in
control of something. The opposite is to be at effect,
or to have something in control of oneself. Internet
critics are at cause over Scientology.
Mental mass in restimulation,
contained in the reactive mind. This may
not make much sense, but many things in Scientology are like that.
Colloquially, charge refers to things a person may be touchy
about. Jim has a lot of charge on the word "critic."
According to Hubbard's book A History of Man, man
evolved from clams. The clam was an unfortunate creatures. It
was easy prey for birds, which would drop it from great heights to
crack its shell. It would be tossed onto the beach by the surf
and left to bake in the sun. It would get swamped by waves while
trying to breathe (air!) and have to pump salt water out of its
shell. It was in constant inner conflict about whether its shell
should be open or closed. When restimulated in modern man, these engrams produce fear of heights, sunburns,
inability to cry, and dental problems, respectively. Seriously.
Hubbard's kookery has inspired a running gag on
alt.religion.scientology. "Clam" has become a disparaging
term for Scientologists, and jokes about clams, clambakes, clam
chowder, and steamed clams abound. This has been interpreted as
some as anti-religious bigotry; some critics have seen merit in
this and eased up on the name-calling.
Clear, a person audited enough to be free of the reactive mind. Samantha just had her
Clear Certainty Rundown, and is now
considered a clear!
The state of Clear was the ultimate goal of the Scientologist.
Clears were supposed to have perfect memory, perfect vision, and
freedom from illness, among other superior attributes. When more
and more Scientologists audited to Clear and didn't turn into
supermen, Hubbard revised the Bridge so that
the Operating Thetan was the desired goal of
According to Scientologists, "dead-agenting" (or DAing) means
refuting false information, thereby discrediting the person who
gave it. Supposedly the term comes from Sun-Tzu's The Art of
War. DAing really means assassinating a person's character so
thoroughly that his reputation is utterly destroyed. The more
outrageous the assertions about the dead agent, the better.
Favourite targets of Scientology's spin doctors are the
now-defunct Cult Awareness Network (CAN) and similar groups,
skeptical writers, and Jeff Jacobsen.
To sever ties with family, friends, and loved ones. The
cult often forces its members to do this when these same loved
ones are declared Suppressive Persons (often for
expressing doubts about the victim's involvement in the cult).
Until the member disconnects, he is a Potential
Trouble Source for Scientology, too. "I was ordered to
disconnect from my wife after she was declared."
The Hubbard Electropsychometer, a crude battery-powered
analog ohmmeter ostensibly used to locate overts, Body Thetans, and engrams. The preclear
holds the soup-can electrodes, while the auditor watches the needle on the dial. The
meter, designed by Volney Mathison, is based on the Wheatstone
Bridge (see below). "Top of the line" Super Mark VIII models sell
for about $4,000 US in a plastic case. Parts would cost about
$50-$100 at Radio Shack, so it's a good money earner for
Scientology, particularly since every auditor is required to own
two in case one breaks down.
The meter is based on an extremely simple circuit invented by
Sir Charles Wheatstone in the 19th century, which is an accurate
means of measuring electrical resistance
(see diagram). Four sources of
resistance - three variable resistors (R1,
R3, and R4) and one
unknown (Rx) - are connected in a diamond.
A DC galvanometer (G) is connected across opposite corners of the
diamond, and a DC power supply (B) across the other two corners.
The bridge is "balanced" when R5 is zeroed
and R1, R3, and
R4 are adjusted so that the galvanometer
does not deflect when the two switches S1
and S2 are closed. The unknown resistance
can then be computed by the equation Rx =
Scientologists are not the only quacks to use e-meter devices.
James Randi writes,
A Dr. Reinhold Voll of Germany claims to have discovered the
principle of using a "galvanic skin effect" as a diagnostic tool.
Dr. Ernst Roscher of Frankfurt also claimed to have invented a
slightly different version of this diagnostic application
designed to determine whether medicine would be effective for a
patient. An attempt by Roscher to market his Probe in the USA
through JS&A Products was made in 1983.
In all of these applications the "galvanic skin effect" is
ineffective in determining anything except skin
The Church makes mystical claims about the e-meter's use: it
supposedly measures "mental mass," or "charge," which manifests itself as a change in
skin resistance, and therefore is able to indicate the spiritual
state of the preclear. The various ways in which the
meter's needle can behave are supposed to tell the auditor
something about the preclear's mental state. For example, the
violent waving motion known as a "Rock Slam" indicates an evil
intention. Unfortunately for this theory, the contact between the
meter and the preclear is so unreliable that significant meter
motion can be caused merely by manipulating the cans in the hands;
a Rock Slammer may have only loosened his grip. The e-meter,
therefore, is wholly useless as a measuring device (by contrast, a
netizen with some knowledge of electronics once posted that a
meter using subcutaneous probes would register an almost constant
reading.) There is no aspect of e-meter operation that is not
readily explainable by known natural phenomena. Therefore,
Scientology mysticism may be safely disregarded until the
Scientologists come up with hard evidence that "mental mass"
exists and mind-reading is possible. See Ockham's Razor.
A posited memory trace that remains after a moment of pain
and unconsciousness. Hubbard didn't coin this word (although he
did make up this definition); it is part of the International
Scientific Vocabulary, and can be found in Webster's: a
hypothetical change in neural tissue postulated in order to
account for persistence of memory.
Scientologese for "to upset." Milne found
alt.religion.scientology so enturbulating, he ran
away. Why Hubbard would invent a ridiculous, four-syllable
word like enturbulate when the perfectly good upset
is available defies rational explanation. Of course, it's in good
company with the rest of Scientology.
To leave the body. Scientologists believe we can step
outside our bodies in the form of a disembodied Thetan, and hover about looking at things.
This is deemed to be a very important goal of every Scientologist,
usually only obtained at the highest OT
level. OT VIIs and VIIIs who have left the cult claim it is
an induced hallucination. Exteriorization is the goal of
the End of Endless Int Rundown.
Interiorize, the opposite of exteriorize, means
to be unfortunately stuck inside one's body. Poor Scientologist!
The code name for the Apollo, former flagship of the
Sea Org. Hubbard was the self-proclaimed
Commodore of his toy navy, and he lived aboard Flag. When the Sea
Org came ashore and headquartered at Clearwater, Florida, they set
up the Flag Land Base, an Advanced Org.
Scientology's Newspeak-monikered propaganda newsletter.
"Investigative Reporting in the Public Interest," declares the
masthead. Freedom's "reporting" is more in Scientology's
interest than anyone else's: stories are usually conspiratorial,
sensationalistic, or self-serving, and frequently omit details
that would make the reader less than sympathetic toward
Case in point: the special Canadian edition "A Conspiracy
Revealed" paints the Church as the victim of a government and
psychiatric conspiracy to destroy it. This issue, released after
the Supreme Court of Canada upheld a libel judgment against the
Church by Mr. Justice Casey Hill, says the Church's libel of Hill
was "sincerely believed to be true when uttered." This spin on the facts is
disingenous and false. The Church brought contempt of court
charges against Judge Hill (then Ontario Crown Attorney Hill) for
his alleged misdeeds. However, their own investigation later
revealed no evidence of wrongdoing. Knowing the accusation to be
false, they brought Hill to trial anyway. The Church libeled
Judge Hill knowingly and maliciously beyond a reasonable doubt.
A loose affiliation of people who still believe in some of
the ideas of Scientology, but who have left the formal structure
of the cult, in a type of Scientology Reformation. The Free Zone
is a little more liberal than the hard-core Churchies, as they
like to call people in the cult proper, yet they often still have
the trappings of Scientology and the use of disparaging terms for
According to the OT III document, a
confederation of seventy-six planets orbiting stars visible from
Earth. Seventy-five million years ago the Federation flourished
under the rule of Xenu, but it's deserted now.
A rhetorical axiom proposed by lawyer and netizen Mike
Godwin. The Law states that sooner or later, one side or another
in a debate will bring up the Nazis (as the epitome of evil and
nastiness). At this point the debate has become irrelevant and
will soon die out. However, Godwin's Law cannot be invoked to end
the argument: "You mentioned the Holocaust, so I win!" doesn't
count. Neither does every reference to Nazis automatically invoke
the Law: obviously, in debates about World War II or organized
anti-Semitism, discussion of Hitler and the Nazis is wholly
Like Ockham's Razor, Godwin's Law does
not apply specifically to Scientology, but it is good to keep in
mind nonetheless. (See, for example, the quotation from
Rev. Buttnor on this site's top-level
The cult's KGB-like intelligence wing, responsible for attacking
SPs, smearing Scientology's perceived enemies,
framing political figures and judges, intimidating witnesses, etc.
Now renamed the Office of Special Affairs (OSA), in typical Orwellian
Seventy-five million years ago Xenu, the
evil galactic overlord, froze us, then blew us up with H-bombs on
Hawaii. Also called the Wall of Fire, or the OT III incident. The cover of
Dianetics is meant to symbolize this cataclysmic event, and
compel wogs to buy the book by restimulating them.
According to Scientology's Technical Dictionary,
invalidating means "[r]efuting or degrading or discrediting
or denying something someone else considers to be fact." In other
words, telling someone he's wrong. It doesn't appear to matter
whether you are merely gainsaying him or legitimately correcting
error; invalidation is still a refusal to grant beingness to that person and is therefore a
Email messages sent by Scientology lawyer Helena K. Kobrin,
threatening legal action against netizens who quote even minute
amounts from formerly confidential Scientology scriptures.
Apparently Kobrin is unfamiliar with "fair comment," and unaware
that email is not a valid form of legal service or that she has no
jurisdiction outside of the United States. (Of course, I am not a
lawyer.) Kobrigrams typically come from Kobrin's account at
Kobrigram made Wired magazine's "Jargon Watch"
feature in January 1996.
A light auditing technique that gets
the thetan centered in the MEST universe, so he knows where he is. The
technique involves making the preclear look at trees, cars,
people, touch books, etc. Gary is outside doing a
locational on Robert. Watching Sesame Street is
An acronym for Matter, Energy, Space and Time; the physical
universe. In Scientology, Theta is the
ultimate reality. MEST is an illusion, created by bored Thetans as a game, only they got stuck in it.
Oops. The ultimate goal of Scientology is to regain control over
Officially the chairman of the board of the Religious Technology Center, but really the de
facto head of Scientology and all its organizations.
Disparagingly called many names by a.r.s. regulars,
including "Poodleboy," "Tidy Bowl Man," "Miss Cabbage,"
"Miscarriage," and "the asthmatic dwarf." Miscavige is one of the
few persons to have his very own emoticon:
(*). (Use your imagination.)
This massive ten-volume "dekalogy" is Hubbard's last work of
science fiction. It is the fictional confession of an agent of
the Coordinated Information Apparatus (CIA, get it?) of the planet
Voltar, who is running a secret agent on Earth to try and clean
the planet up. The catch is, the mission is set up to fail.
Mission Earth is a sort of Pilgrim's Progress of
Scientology, only not as entertaining. If Hubbard condensed the
whole story into one volume, it would still only be half-decent.
Hubbard claimed this was a work of satire; the New York
Times said it was
a paralyzingly slow-moving adventure enlivened by interludes of
kinky sex, sendups of effeminate homosexuals and a disregard of
conventional grammar so global as to suggest a satire on the
possibility of communication through language.
Interestingly, the Church claims that its Operation Snow White was a legitimate
attempt to correct false information about Scientology, which was
set up to fail by the CIA. Also, Scientologist John Travolta
named his son Jett after Jettero Heller, one of the characters in
A logical axiom proposed by William of Ockham, a
fifteenth-century Christian philosopher and logician. Also known
as the principle of economy, Ockham's Razor states that
"entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily." That is, if
you have two competing theories to explain some observation, you
should favour the simpler of the two until you discover evidence
to the contrary.
Ockham's Razor is not specifically Scientology-related, but
it's usually a good principle to keep in mind while evaluating the
claims of Scientology or any pseudoscience. For another
noteworthy axiom, see Godwin's Law.
One who is above Clear, a state of
partial enlightenment, and who is not just free of unconscious
impulses, but is free of other things too so that they can operate
in, and be at cause over the physical
Solo-audited and expensive processes
at the top of the Scientology "Bridge." The OT levels are meant
to bring out the supernatural abilities of the Scientologist and
turn him into an Operating Thetan. The levels
currently run from OT I to OT VIII. Some highlights:
OT I consists of walking around counting people and similar
OT III is the famous Wall of Fire incident featuring Xenu.
OT VII contains instructions for talking to plants, trees,
etc. through telepathy.
OT VIII allegedly reveals that "Source is the 8th Dynamic"
(i.e., Hubbard is God). After you've spent over a quarter of a
million dollars on processing, Hubbard better be God.
An OT VIII document of disputed authenticity claims Ron is the
Antichrist prophesied in the Bible and Jesus Christ was a
foul-tempered pederast. Even if it isn't genuine Hubbard, it's
definitely Hubbardian in tone. In one lecture, Hubbard once said
of Christ: "The man on the cross. There was no Christ. But the
man on the cross is shown as Everyman."
The Scientology Bridge has provisions
for levels up to OT XV; however, the powers-that-be have said that
they will not release OT IX until all the present Orgs are the size that the Saint Hill Org in East
Grinstead, England, was in the 60s. Don't mortgage the house just
An evil act. Of course, it's only an overt if it hurts
Scientology; shooting an SP could be redefined
as not being an overt, as you did it to help to "clear the
planet." What overts have you committed against
Piltdown man, an ancient ape-like descendent of modern man,
did numerous silly things like eating his wife, which restimulate into marital difficulties.
Hubbard is careful to differentiate this remote ancestor from the
real Piltdown man, with whom it has only similarity.
Good thing, too, because the "real" Piltdown man wasn't. When
Hubbard wrote A History of Man the exposure of the Piltdown
hoax was still a year away. The Church still publishes the book
anyway: Hubbard wrote it, Scientologists believe it, that settles
it. See also barnacle, clam, and sloth.
1. n. Someone who is in contact with an SP or an anti-Scientology person, and therefore may
cause trouble to the cult. Mary is a PTS
2. adj. The state of being a PTS. The grammar is
confusing. Mary is PTS to John does not mean that
Mary is a potential source of trouble for John, as regular English
usage and common sense suggest. It means she is a potential
source of trouble to Scientology because of her association with
John. Ironically, Scientology claims it can improve communication
2, v.t. To audit a preclear.
A coldly distant term for Scientology's "therapy", which itself
can be very cold and distant. The term shows Hubbard's lack of
respect for the people he conned out of their money for his quack
Derogatory cult term for psychiatrists. Scientologist
paranoia views psychiatrists and psychologists as being the
ultimate in evil and corruption on Earth. They are out to destroy
us all by cutting out our brains with transorbital leucotomies, or
zapping us into submission with electro-convulsive therapy (ECT),
or zombifying us with antidepressant pharmaceuticals like Prozac.
The cult's front group the Citizen's Commission on Human Rights
(CCHR) (another Newspeak name), is dedicated to destroying the
psychs, who are really insect-like members of the Fifth Galactic
Invader Force, which threatens our very existence on this planet.
Actually, psychiatry is Scientology's main competition; if the
marks spend their money on a licenced practitioner, they can't
spend it on Scientology.
1. Scientology practitioners who are not Sea
Org members or staff, who therefore pay
2. People outside of Scientology; wogs.
3. As a technical term in public relations, a
public is an intended audience for a communication,
roughly speaking. Hubbard used the term frequently in his series
of administrative policy memos about PR.
A cleansing process intended to remove drugs supposedly
stored in body fat. The preclear runs,
takes megadoses of vitamins and minerals, and sweats in a sauna
for hours every day. The Purif costs roughly $1,500, and takes
about two weeks to do. There is no scientific evidence to back up
the cult of Scientology's claims about the supposed benefits of
Whatever a "religious technology" might be, the RTC is the
subsidiary of Scientology that holds the Church's copyrights and
trademarks. Scientology is the only religion around that claims
intellectual property rights on salvation. Of course, if the
laughable "tech" were made free and public - say, on the Internet
- who would pay $300,000 for it?
David Miscavige is the RTC's chairman
of the board, and Warren McShane is its president. Lawyer Helena
K. Kobrin, who represents the RTC, is best known for threatening
netizens with kobrigrams.
1. An ezine that was published infrequently between late
1994 and early 1996 containing many secret Scientology scriptures,
policy letters, and lecture transcripts. Scamizdat ran
from issue #2 to issue #12, issue #1 being intentionally omitted
in honour of all the critical exposés that had come before.
Notable issues include #6, containing the six-part Los Angeles
Times feature on Scientology; #9, containing L. Ron
Hubbard's laughable book A History of Man; and #10,
containing the Fishman declaration, the infamous court document
that included the OT levels as appendices.
2. The anonymous person or persons who posted
Scamizdat to alt.religion.scientology.
At the time of writing, the Church has accused netizen Grady Ward
of California of being Scamizdat and sued him for copyright
infringement. However, their case seems exceedingly weak at this
The name Scamizdat is a combination of scam and
samizdat, the underground press that circlulated dissident
literature in the Soviet Union.
The commanding and controlling element in the cult, partly
working off ships, partly land-based at Flag
in Clearwater, Florida, and other places, most notably the Cedars
Complex in Los Angeles. Hubbard was a Navy officer in WWII, if an
incompetent one, and so in the late 60s he set himself up as the
Commodore of his own toy navy. Nowadays the cult has only one
ship, the yacht with the Newspeak name Freewinds. The Sea
Org motto is "We Come Back." Sea Org members will have to, for
multiple reincarnations: they agree to serve for a billion years.
Yet another of man's evolutionary ancestors, according to
Hubbard in A History of Man. The sloth was a particular
pathetic ancestor. It got knocked out of trees by snakes. When
it was attacked by baboons, it fell over cliffs. These engrams produce fear of snakes and of falling
in modern men. See also barnacle, clam, and Piltdown man.
The Scientology code name for a cult espionage operation.
Snow White's goal was to infiltrate government offices and purge
their files of incriminating material that made the cult look bad.
More than a million pages of documents were stolen from over one
hundred government departments in Canada and the United States,
including the IRS, the US Attorney's office, the Ontario
Provincial Police, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Hubbard's wife, Mary Sue, was sentenced in 1980 to five years in
jail for the operation, which was carried out by operatives in the
Scienologists who have contracted to work for the Church for
three or five years. The hours are long and the pay abysmal. On
the bright side, staff members get their processing for free - that is, until they blow and the Church saddles them with a
retroactive "Freeloader Debt."
A coerced write-up required to complete any auditing "therapy" action. Success Stories
are usually filled with bland, often vacuous statements about "blowing mass," "having cognitions," and "big
A badge of harrassment worn with pride by ars posters. The SP
levels mock the OT levels, and show how
suppressive a particular participant to a.r.s. is; the
higher the level, the more damage that critic has done to
Scientology, and the more fire they have drawn in the process.
a fully hatted person on their post, which
particles can be sent to and from. A
dehumanizing term for people, but not a derogatory word inside the
cult. After being Declared, your
only Terminal is the International Justice Chief.
Soul or spirit. In Scientology the Thetan is the sum total
of the individual, which inhabits a physical body and is capable
of transmigration between bodies. This neo-Platonic view of the
soul contrasts with the traditional Christian view, in which the
individual comprises body and soul in union.
Scientology also postulates a Genetic Entity (GE). The GE is
a sort of low-grade soul that stores engrams
from the whole track, like the clam incident. The concept of the GE can be hard
to understand until one has a cognition
that it is nonsense, like much of Scientology.
The evil galactic ruler that packaged us all up, dumped us
into Hawaiian volcanoes, and blew us up with H-bombs 75,000,000
years ago. The volcano on the cover of Dianetics is
meant to restimulate this incident
implanted by Xenu, and force us to buy a copy. What's that you
say? Hawaii didn't exist 75,000,000 years ago? Shhh! You'll
Hubbard said Xenu was also known as Xemu. The One True
Spelling of the name is the primary cause of holy wars among the
ARSCC's religious factions.
In honour of this pivotal event in human history, my Fidonet
pointnode's unofficial name is "Xenu's Famous House of Clams,"
where I can be reached via netmail at 1:221/1401.7
until further notice.
 L. Ron Hubbard,
Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought (Los Angeles:
Bridge, 1988) 29.
 Ralph P. Winch,
Electricity and Magnetism, 2nd ed. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice-Hall, 1963) 31.
 James Randi, The
Supernatural A-Z: The Truth and the Lies (London: Headline,
 Janet Laveau, "The
Chilling of Freedom," Freedom, "A Conspiracy Revealed" 1995:
inside front cover.
 Qtd. in Jon Atack,
A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard
Exposed (New York: Lyle Stuart, 1990) 398.