71st Annual Academy Awards
Nominees announced: February 9th, 1999
Ceremony: March 21st, 1999
AMPAS, "Oscar", and all that other stuff are registered trademarks of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, and are used here without written authorization
Contributions of information gladly accepted, and if used, will be credited appropriately unless otherwise specified. Contact info is at the bottom of this page.
The nominees for the 71st Annual Academy Awards were announced on February 9th, 1999 at 8:38 a.m. EDT by AMPAS President Robert Rehme and actor Kevin Spacey.
The winners, as presenteed March 21st, 1999:
The 71st Annual Academy Awards was presented on March 21st, 1999 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Music Center (seating: approximately 3200, less 500 for camera platforms), and broadcast live on the ABC television network at 5:30 p.m. (PST) / 8:30 p.m. (EST).
It was announced on January 8th, 1999 that producer-director Norman Jewison (Fiddler On The Roof, Moonstruck, In The Heat Of The Night) was to be presented with the prestigious 34th Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. It is given to "creative producers whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion picture production," and was voted upon by the Academy's Board of Governors. The last winner was Saul Zaentz in 1997. AMPAS President Robert Rehme announced "Norman Jewison is an eclectic and sensitive producer-director whose films paint evocative pictures of the human experience that have become icons of American life." (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this information.)
It was announced on January 11th, 1999 that director Elia Kazan (On The Waterfront, A Streetcar Named Desire, East Of Eden) was to be presented with an Honourary Award as voted by the AMPAS Board of Governors, "in appreciation of a long, distinguished and unparalleled career during which he has influenced the very nature of filmmaking through his creation of cinematic masterpieces." (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this information.)
Gilbert Cates produced the telecast for a record ninth-time, and Louis J. Horvitz handled direction duties. (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this information.)
Stage design for the ceremony was handled by production designer Roy Christopher.
It was announced on January 12th, 1999 that Whoopi Goldberg would act as host of the ceremony. It was her third occasion to act in this capacity. (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this information.)
The show was produced by AMPAS for the second consecutive year, who hired their own tech crews and camera operators and presented a finished feed to the network.
ABC was given exclusive rights to broadcast celebrity arrivals area footage during the final thirty minutes leading up to the ceremony. Other broadcast media were prohibited from airing any live or taped arrival footage during this time period under decree of AMPAS. Geena Davis was named host of this officially sanctioned pre-Oscar show (thanks to JMSTREEP for this information).
The ceremony was held on a Sunday for the first time in its history. This decision was prompted by an initiative to reduce problems associated with weekday rush-hour L.A. traffic congestion, and to maximize potential home viewing audiences.
ABC agreed to limit the amount of advertising on the telecast so that a rate of approximately 10 minutes of commercials per hour shall be sustained.
Officially announced as presenters for the ceremony, in order of announcement were:
Announced but did not appear:
(Thanks to JMSTREEP for this information.)
(AMPAS people -- for your consideration!)
Musical performers for the ceremony were:
Voting for the Academy Award nominees are handled by the specific branches of AMPAS.
|AWARD CATEGORY||Nominating Group||Maximum Number of Nominations|
|Best Picture||All AMPAS members with voting rights||5|
|Acting Categories||AMPAS Actors Branch Members||5|
|Direction||AMPAS Directors Branch Members||5|
|Art Direction||AMPAS Art Directors Branch Members, excluding Costume Designers||5|
|Cinematography||AMPAS Cinematographers Branch Members||5|
|Costume Design||Costume Design members of AMPAS Art Directors Branch||5|
|Documentaries||Documentary Awards Screening Committee||5|
|Editing||AMPAS Film Editors Branch Members||5|
|Foreign-Language Film||Foreign Language Film Award Committee||5|
|Makeup||Makeup Award Screening Commitee||3|
|Music||AMPAS Music Branch Members||5|
|Short Films||AMPAS Short Film Branch Members||5|
|Sound||AMPAS Sound Branch Members||5|
|Sound Effects Editing||Sound Effects Editing Award Commitee||3|
|Visual Effects||Visual Effects Award Nominating Commitee||3|
|Screenwriting||AMPAS Writers Branch Members||5|
All AMPAS members with voting rights can vote for the Academy Award winners from the designated selection of nominees in all categories, except for the Foreign Language Film, Documentary Film (feature-length and short), and Short Film categories, where the voter is required to sign a decree stating that they have seen all nominated entries in the category.
Actors with achievements in multiple films in the same year cannot compete with him/herself in the same category. (ie. Billy Bob Thornton cannot be nominated for Best Supporting Actor in both Primary Colors and A Simple Plan, or for Armageddon for that matter.) During the tallying of the ballots, if a performer is observed to be garnering support for multiple performances, vote-counters are instructed to only count votes for the performance which appears to be drawing the most support, and votes for the other performance(s) are disregarded. Votes are not combined -- voting is for the achievement, not the performer.
Non-actors can compete against him/herself in the same category. (ie. James Horner was nominated for Best Dramatic Score for Apollo 13 and Braveheart.)
Multiple performers from the same film can compete with each other in the same category. (ie. Geena Davis and Susan Sarandon were Best Actress nominees for Thelma & Louise; Dianne Wiest and Jennifer Tilly were Best Supporting Actress nominees for Bullets Over Broadway.)
A performer can be nominated in both the lead and supporting category. (ie. Holly Hunter - Best Actress nominee for The Piano and Best Supporting Actress nominee for The Firm; Al Pacino - Best Actor nominee for Scent Of A Woman and Best Supporting Actor nominee for Glengarry Glen Ross.)
It is at the discretion of the voter whether a performance constitute a leading or supporting one. Votes for the same performance in different categories are not combined. (ie. if Christina Ricci's performance in The Opposite Of Sex received 60 votes for Best Actress and 75 votes for Best Supporting Actress, her total of 135 votes cannot be applied to any single category; it is conceivable that this "splitting" of support can result in performances failing to accumulate a sufficient number of votes in any one category to obtain a nomination.)
Documentaries are graded on a ten-point scale during preliminary screenings by the Documentary Awards Screening Committees. Only films receiving an average score of 8.5 or higher are eligible for nomination.
As of January 8th, there were 5467 voting members in the Academy, and 6209 members in total. By branch, there were:
Thanks to Joshua Kreitzer for clarifying some incorrect information provided to me.
Preliminary thoughts and musings. (Periodic column)
Column #00 - "Oscar Patrol" column from the my 1998 Toronto International Film Festival reports (98/09/20)
Column #01 - Golden Globe nomination predictions (98/12/16)
Column #02 - Overall musings, much graphic commentary (dormant; regretfully incomplete)
Column #03 - Golden Globe winner predictions (99/01/23)
Column #04 - Golden Globe reactions, various guild award nominee reactions (99/02/03)
Column #05 - Oscar nominee predictions (99/02/07) ["Big Six": 26 out of 30; 76% overall]
Column #06 - Oscar nominee reactions (99/02/09)
Column #07 - Oscar winner predictions (99/03/17-20) [overall 15 / 21; "Big Six" 3 / 6]
The following is a listing of how various other film critics and reviewers picked the winners of this year's Oscar race.
Almost all of this information was provided by JMSTREEP, who remains the sole messiah of Oscar information.
Nobody correctly picked all the winners in the "Big Six" categories.
|CA||Cindy Adams (New York Post)|
|JA||John Anderson (Newsday)|
|TA||Thelma Adams (New York Post)|
|BB||Bonnie Britton (Indianapolis Star News)|
|JB||Jami Bernard (New York Daily News)|
|JoeB||Joe Baltake (Sacramento Bee)|
|JohB||John Beifuss (Memphis Commercial Appeal)|
|MB||Marilyn Beck (syndicated columnist)|
|RB||Robert W. Butler (Kansas City Star)|
|SB||Shiela Benson (Film Comment)|
|TB||Tom Brook (BBC Entertainment)|
|TyB||Ty Burr (Entertainment Weekly)|
|JC||Jay Carr (Boston Globe)|
|JanC||Jane Ciabattari (Parade Magazine)|
|MC||Mike Clark (USA Today)|
|TC||Ted Casablanca (E! Channel)|
|DD||Duane Dudek (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)|
|RD||Rod Dreher (New York Post)|
|EW||Entertainment Weekly Magazine|
|RE||Roger Ebert (Chicago Sun-Times)|
|AF||Alex Fung (me; owner of this web page)|
|JF||Jonathan Foreman (New York Post)|
|EG||Edward Guthmann (San Francisco Chronicle)|
|DH||David Hunter (Hollywood Reporter)|
|JH||John Hartl (Seattle Times)|
|JulH||Julie Hinds (San Jose Mercury News)|
|LH||Louis Hobson (Calgary Sun)|
|MJ||Michael Janusonis (Providence Journal)|
|RJ||Richard T. Jameson (Film Comment)|
|JMS||JMSTREEP (Academy Awards expert)|
|CK||Craig Kopp (Cincinatti Post)|
|DK||Dave Kehr (Film Comment)|
|GK||Gregg Kilday (TV Guide)|
|JM||Jack Mathews (New York Daily News)|
|MM||Michael Musto (Village Voice)|
|MMcG||Margaret McGurk (Cincinnati Enquirer)|
|SM||Sean P. Means (Salt Lake City Tribune)|
|TM||Todd McCarthy (Variety)|
|WM||Wesley Morris (San Francisco Examiner)|
|DN||Daniel Neman (Richmond Times-Dispatch)|
|RR||Rex Reed (New York Observer)|
|AS||Andrew Sarris (New York Observer)|
|DS||David Sterritt (Christian Science Monitor)|
|DaS||David Sheehan (CBS-TV)|
|JS||Joel Siegel (ABC-TV)|
|LS||Lisa Schwarzbaum (Entertainment Weekly)|
|LzS||Liz Smith (syndicated columnist)|
|RS||Richard Schickel (Time Magazine)|
|SS||Susan Stark (Detroit News)|
|AT||Anne Thompson (Film Comment)|
|BT||Bob Thompson (Toronto Sun)|
|KT||Kenneth Turan (Los Angeles Times)|
|KevT||Kevin Thomas (Los Angeles Times)|
|LT||Lawrence Toppman (Charlotte Observer)|
|PT||Peter Travers (Rolling Stone Magazine)|
|SW||Susan Wloszczyna (USA Today)|
Betting odds, as listed by oddsmakers in Britain and the United States. Note that betting on the Academy Awards may be illegal in your area. Check your local statutes.
Ladbrokes, Great Britain, 99/03/12 [99/02/09]
Daily Racing Form, U.S.A., 99/02/10
To be eligible for consideration, a feature-length (40+ minutes) film must be first publicly exhibited in 35mm or 70mm for paid admission in a commercial theatre in the Los Angeles county, opening in the 1998 calendar year before December 31, and must play for a minimum of seven consecutive days. Special consideration is given to films submitted in the foreign language, documentary, and short film awards categories.
286 feature-length films are eligible for consideration in the Best Picture category, the greatest number since 1973. (Thanks to David Perry for this information.)
The following is a list of the record-tying 45 films submitted for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Of The Year. Each country may submit one film for consideration. 73 countries were mailed "invites" from the Academy to submit a film. Selection of each country's representative picture is made by juries comprising filmmakers from that country. Entry forms were due by November 2nd, with film prints due by November 16th.
To be eligible for submission, a film must have its first public showing for at least seven consecutive days in a commercial cinema in its home country between November 1, 1997 and October 31, 1998. It must also have been produced with a predominantly non-English dialogue track in a language of the submitting country. The print submitted for award consideration must be identical in form with the final version in general release in the country of origin.
Foreign-language films may be eligible for other Academy Awards providing they meet the requirements of those categories. In late June 1998, the Academy tweaked their rules to prevent disqualification of foreign language films which had been shown on cable or video prior to their Los Angeles theatrical run. (I call this the Shall We Dance? rule.)
These films are scheduled to be screened by AMPAS' Foreign Language Film Award committee, chaired by Nina Foch, beginning December 2nd, 1998.
A huge debt of thanks to Ken Rudolph for providing the complete list of films under consideration.
|FILM TITLE||Country of Origin||Director|
|The Inheritors||Austria||Stefan Ruzowitzky|
|Central Station||Brazil||Walter Salles|
|August 32nd On Earth||Canada||Denis Villeneuve|
|Genghis Khan||China||Saifu & Mailisi|
|La Vendedora de Rosas (The Rose Seller)||Colombia||Victor Gaviria|
|Sekal Has To Die||Czech Republic||Vladimir Michélek|
|The Celebration||Denmark||Thomas Vinterberg|
|A Summer By The River||Finland||Markku Pölönen|
|The Dreamlife Of Angels||France||Erick Zonca|
|Run Lola Run||Germany||Tom Tykwer|
|Eternity And A Day||Greece||Theo Angelopoulos|
|Made In Hong Kong||Hong Kong||Fruit Chan|
|Gypsy Lore||Hungary||Bence Gyöngyössy|
|Count Me Out||Iceland||Ari Kristinsson|
|Leaf On A Pillow||Indonesia||Christine Hakim|
|The Children Of Heaven||Iran||Majid Majidi|
|Circus Palestine||Israel||Eyal Halrfon|
|Life Is Beautiful||Italy||Roberto Benigni|
|Begging For Love||Japan||Hideyuki Hirayama|
|The Adopted Son||Kyrgyzstan||Aktan Abdykalydov|
|West Beirut||Lebanon||Ziad Koueiri|
|Back In Trouble||Luxembourg||Andy Bausch|
|Good-Bye 20th Century||Macedonia||Aleksandar Popovski & Darko Mitrevski|
|A Spell||Mexico||Carlos Carrrera|
|The Polish Bride||The Netherlands||Karim Traïdia|
|Only Clouds Move The Stars||Norway||Torun Lian|
|In The Navel Of The Sea||The Philippines||Marilou Diaz-Abaya|
|Inquietude||Portugal||Manoel De Oliveira|
|Heroes Without A Cause||Puerto Rico||Iván Dariel Ortiz|
|Terminus Paradis||Romania||Lucian Pintilie|
|Rivers Of Babylon||Slovak Republic||Vlado Balco|
|The Grandfather||Spain||José Luis Garci|
|Show Me Love (Fucking Amal)||Sweden||Lukas Moodysson|
|La Guerre Dans Le Haut Payes||Switzerland||Francis Reusser|
|Flowers Of Shanghai||Taiwan||Hou Hsiao-Hsien|
|Who Is Running?||Thailand||Oxide Pang Chun|
|Rizo||Venezuela||Julio Sosa Pietri|
|The Powder Keg||Yugoslavia||Goran Paskaljevi|
Russia's submisison Barber Of Siberia has reportedly been disqualified for consideration on the grounds that the Academy has yet to receive the actual screening print! More information on this as developments merit. Thanks to Mr. Rudolph for noting this unusual occurence.
The following is a list of the seven films selected as semi-finalists for the Best Visual Effects Oscar by the executive committee of AMPAS' visual effects branch on January 6, 1999. Three of these candidates will make up the final nominees for the Oscar. The Academy's visual effects branch is scheduled to screen 15-minute excerpt reels from each of these films on February 3, 1999 before casting their nomination ballots.
The Academy Award for Best Visual Effects is given to up to four individuals (as selected by the film's producer[s]) responsible for supervising the effects work on the designated film.
Thanks to JMSTREEP for providing this listing.
|VISUAL EFFECTS semifinalists|
|Babe: Pig In The City|
|Mighty Joe Young|
|The Truman Show|
|What Dreams May Come|
The following is a list of the seven films selected as semi-finalists for the Best Sound Effects Editing Oscar by the executive committee of AMPAS' sound effects editing branch on January 8, 1999. Up to three of these candidates will make up the final nominees for the Oscar. The Academy's Sound Effects Editing Award Nominating Committee is scheduled to screen 10-minute clip reels from each of these films on February 2, 1999 before casting their nomination ballots.
Thanks to David Perry for providing this listing.
|SOUND EFFECTS EFFECTS semifinalists|
|Lethal Weapon 4|
|The Mask Of Zorro|
|Saving Private Ryan|
|The Thin Red Line|
The submission deadline for consideration in the Best Achievement In Documentary Features and Best Achievement In Documentary Short Subjects categories are as follows:
To be eligible for submission, a film must be publicly exhibited within two years of the film's completion date for paid admission in a commercial theatre in either Los Angeles county or the Borough of Manhattan between November 1, 1997 and October 31, 1998, and must play for a minimum of seven consecutive days, with all screenings beginning between 10:00 - 24:00. It may not air on television within six months of the first day of its theatrical release, and must also have been produced with predominantly English dialogue or narration track, or with English subtitles. The print submitted for award consideration must be identical in form with the version theatrically released.
The documentary awards executive committee chairman is Walter Shenson.
This is the final year for the Documentary Short Subjects category. As announced January 11th, 1999, the Documentary Feature and Documentary Short Film awards will be combined starting in 1999 into a single "Best Documentary" category. (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this breaking update.)
The submission deadline for consideration in the Best Achievement In Animated Short Films and Best Achievement In Live Action Short Films categories are as follows:
It may not air on television before it either completes its Los Angeles theatrical release or wins its Best-In-Category film festival award, and must have been produced with predominantly English dialogue or narration track, or with English subtitles. Unaired TV series episodes, unsold TV series pilots, previews, advertisements, credit sequences, etc. are ineligible for consideration.
The submission deadline for consideration in the Best Achievement In Music (Original Musical Or Comedy Score), Best Achievement In Music (Dramatic Score), and Best Achievement In Music (Original Song) categories must be received:
To be eligible for consideration, the work must be created specifically for an eligible feature-length motion picture, and must be recorded for use in the film before used in any other format.
This is the final year for separate dramatic and musical or comedy score categories. As announced January 11th, 1999, the single Musical Score category, which was split in 1994, will be restored. Apparently, the Disney stranglehold on the category in the early 1990s seems to have relaxed. (Thanks to JMSTREEP for this breaking update.)
The submission deadline for consideration of scientific and technical achievements was August 17th. Any device, method, formula, discovery or invention of special and outstanding value may be considered if its merit has been proven through successful use in the film industry. Entries will be evaluated by subcommittees of industry engineers, scientists and craftspeople before being recommended to the Academy's board of governors for consideration.
Alex Fung (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Back to film page.